Plant nutrients become food nutrition industry’s Up-and-coming star
Source: WeChat new nutrition
In 2014 June, Chinese Nutrition Society officially released in Shanghai the 2013 version of "China Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)". This is since 2002, Chinese nutrition society after 10 years, according to the latest research achievements at home and abroad China nutriology and the change of people's diet structure, the new edition revised to make the relevant data on Chinese DRIs. One of the highlights of the 2013 edition of DRIs is to join the "effect" of plant compounds on the parts of the human body, this is another dietary reference intakes in new variety which is not "". In recent years, the nutrition community made progress in many ways for the study of plant chemical composition such as food, "China resident DRIs" revised edition for water and other 19 kinds of dietary composition, properties, structure, biological function, the absorption and metabolism of excess risk systematically into and toxicity and its main source of food. 6 dietary constituents Expert Committee on existing sufficient scientific basis, put forward specific recommendations and / or UL value (SPL). The above mentioned "plant compounds" is what we usually call the plant nutrients.
Sources of plant nutrients
Scientific studies show that, in natural plant raw materials, not only contains vitamins and minerals, plant nutrients but also contains a variety of tens of thousands of, "". At present proven plant nutrition is beneficial to the human body is more than 200, for example: lycopene, lutein, fructooligosaccharides, anthocyanin, beta carotene, they maintain a healthy heart, antioxidant, the maintenance of gastrointestinal health, resistance mutations in the genetic material, which plays an important role, known as the "new vitamin in twenty-first Century". For the world to indulge in elaborating on the Mediterranean diet, fully embodies the importance of plant nutrients on the human body.
British Journal of medical journal "" (BMJ) published a study shows, the Mediterranean diet may help prolong human life. The Mediterranean diet has been linked with health benefits, including reduced mortality, reduce risk and chronic diseases, such as heart disease. The study found that a Mediterranean diet may reduce the risk of heart disease, but also can protect the brain from the injury of blood vessel, reduce the risks of stroke and memory loss. The characteristics of the Mediterranean diet, high intake of vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (such as peas, beans and lentils) and grain (mostly unprocessed); high intake of olive oil, and low intake of saturated fat; a moderate intake of fish, eat a low amount of dairy products, meat and poultry; regular but moderate alcohol consumption (especially is the meal Wine). Because the key group of fruit, vegetables and nuts -- of the Mediterranean diet, scientists are also interesting the Mediterranean diet is called "rich and colorful diet". These "color food" also have certain health benefits.
Green food
(including, spinach, celery, green peppers, broccoli, chicory, bitter gourd, cucumber, kiwi fruit, olive, green beans and other green Vegetable & Fruit), is conducive to the stability of mood, relieve tension and relieve pressure, and can prevent migraines, and cellulose can clean intestines, prevent constipation, reduce the incidence of rectal cancer, and its rich lutein can maintain the health of retina. In addition, often eat green vegetables can make our body to maintain acid-base balance state, to a large extent to avoid the occurrence of cancer.
Red food
(including, tomatoes, red peppers, watermelon, hawthorn, strawberry, red grape, cranberry, red dates and so on Vegetable & Fruit), rich in lycopene. Research shows that, lycopene, can protect the cell membrane, reduce free radicals, has anti-aging function of certain. Red food usually helps blood circulation, boost mood, relieve fatigue, it is be in fine fig, enhance self-confidence and willpower, so full of strength, forced people to turn ideas into practice.
Orange food
(including, citrus, pineapple, mango, lemon, apricot, Hu Luobu, pumpkin, sweet potato, corn, soybean, millet and other food), is the most can stimulate appetite color, worried to cheer them up in people's gloomy mood or, most often a natural orange pigment beta carotene, is powerful antioxidants, to reduce the human body caused by the air pollution damage, and has anti-aging effect.
Purple food
(including, purple grapes, blueberries, red cabbage, eggplant, black beans, black currant, seaweed, mushrooms, seaweed and other Vegetable & Fruit), is the color is black or purple, dark brown food. The purple black protect physical and mental, is calm and confident, purple black food has the following advantages: one is from the natural, very few harmful ingredients; two complete nutrition, quality over quantity; three is the probability can significantly reduce arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, stroke and other serious diseases.
White food
(including, garlic, onions, cauliflower, cabbage, white radish, white sesame, lily, yams and milk and other food), rich in plant nutrients, helps the emotional stability, for high blood pressure, heart disease benefits. And the white food to people's appetite has certain control action, a great help to lose weight.
Power plant nutrients
Plant nutrients is not essential nutrients the human body, but its physiological function, such as anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti thrombosis, regulate immune function, inhibit inflammatory process, influence blood pressure, lower cholesterol, regulate blood sugar, promote digestion, more and more attention. At present, the international market sales of phytonutrients (plant extract) products mainly include the following four categories:
Lose weight / hypolipidemic / hypoglycemic products Shi Gengteng, Coleus forskohli, fenugreek, Momordica grosvenori, Green Tea extract, chicory fructooligosaccharides sources, apple polyphenol, Baanah mamou, bitter gourd polypeptide, guar gum, citrus aurantium extract etc.. Among them, fructooligosaccharides chicory source is through the gastrointestinal health maintenance, reducing blood fat to achieve weight loss purposes, so as to reduce the risk of type II diabetes.
Brain / puzzle / anti senility of brain extracts of plants, products of Ginkgo biloba extract of Morinda officinalis (including "Morinda citrifolia"), rhodiola root, ginseng, asiaticoside, stone sweater huperzine A, Changchun vinpocetine (extracts from "Changchun flower"), Ganoderma lucidum, Grifola frondosa (a kind of edible fungi) extract, Grifola frondosa (is also one of the extracts of edible fungi), theanine, polysaccharide of Acanthopanax senticosus.
Can improve vision / prevent plant preparations macular degeneration disease this is the fastest development of western countries in recent years, plant health products. According to the latest foreign reports, "eye care" plant preparations accounted for health food market America 68%, Japan accounted for 48%, its very strong momentum of development. Can be used to improve eyesight, prevent the senile cataract and macular degeneration (can cause blindness) plant extract products include: Blueberry (American Cranberry) extract, grape seed extract, Chinese black bean extract (Note: the effective components of more than three products are "anthocyanin"), Jin Zhanju (Green Tea extract, extract the main composition is "lutein") etc..
With anticancer / enhance the body's own immune system of plant products, Changchun Echinacea flower alkali series products, the European maritime pine bark extract, alfalfa root extract, lycopene, anthocyanin, Green Tea extract, licorice extract, soybean isoflavone, Ganoderma lucidum spore powder, all kinds of fungus extract (such as mushrooms polysaccharide, polysaccharide from Coriolus versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum monkey mushroom polysaccharide, streptozotocin, Maitake, ash tree flower, mulberry extract, garlic extract ear etc.).
Plant nutrients Era
Now, scientists have begun to enter the understanding, the research of plant nutrients on human health effects of age. Scientists think, plant nutrition is a new human treasure trove of drugs, may become the bane of many difficult diseases. Plant nutrients such as lycopene, allicin, corn and other flavonoids, has significant anti-cancer tumor suppressor, inhibit free radical, enhance the body immunity.
The French medical study found, apple is rich in polysaccharides pectin and strong antioxidant flavonoids. This chemical can effectively reduce the cholesterol in the blood, prevention of coronary atherosclerosis. Apple also has the inhibiting effect on tumor induced by radiation. Japanese agricultural province forest research institute from cedar, pine tree extract, discovered the substance of plant nutrition can reduce cholesterol hormone and can relieve pain, promote the excited state.
USA medical scientists concluded in broad based on experimental study: in almost every stage of cancer development, can be found in one or more in vegetables and fruits can slow, stop or even eliminate cancer plant nutrients. German scientists had announced, they have been separated from soybean in a chemical substance, namely, genistein, can prevent breast lumps, prostate mass and other mass increase and diffusion, and pointed out that the Japanese to develop prostate cancer than those who USA, Germany and Britain are much less, one of the main reasons is that the Japanese almost every meal all cannot do without bean food. Therefore, scientists believe, plant nutrition is a new human medicine chest, it found than vitamins and antibiotics found more significant.
Medical home Chinese also made a large number of clinical trials in the prevention of chronic diseases, according to incomplete statistics, at present already in patients with diabetes mellitus China 34 million; and in the daily increasing diabetes type 2 diabetes in the army, the proportion is as high as 90% or above. The main factors that cause a substantial increase in patients with type 2 diabetes, is a great change of dietary structure in recent years. In the clinical study of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, inulin subjects resistance index compared with the control group showed a decreasing trend during the 4 week of fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, and the data is more obvious after 8 weeks. The clinical experiments concluded: inulin or has a role in improving insulin sensitivity, supplemental inulin can significantly reduce total cholesterol in patients with type 2 diabetes and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Inulin is a natural existence in the nature of the fructan (Fructans) in plants, is a main form of carbohydrate reserves. Inulin type fructans (include inulin, fructo oligosaccharide and poly fructose) as a water-soluble dietary fiber and prebiotic material has been widely used in food industry. Inulin type fructans in human digestive tract will not be digested and degradation, and therefore not as intestinal absorption and fully into the colon, colonic microbial role in generation of short chain fatty acids, thereby affecting the concentration of fatty acids in circulating free and has the function of regulating blood sugar of gastrointestinal hormone concentration, so as to improve the level of blood glucose.
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